Conflict of Interest, Human, Animal rights, and Informed Consent


 SDES-International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research requires authors to declare all competing
interests in relation to their work. All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing
interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests (financial and
 Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The authors have
declared that no competing interests exist.” Editors may ask for further information relating
to competing interests. Editors and reviewers are also required to declare any competing
interests and will be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.
 Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when
the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by their
personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations.
 Authors should disclose any financial competing interests but also any non-financial
competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public
after the publication of the article.
 Authors from commercial organizations that sponsor clinical trials, should declare these as
competing interests on submission. They should also adhere to the Good Publication
Practice guidelines for pharmaceutical companies, which are designed to ensure that
publications are produced in a responsible and ethical manner. The guidelines also apply to
any companies or individuals that work on industry-sponsored publications, such as
freelance writers, contract research organizations and communications companies.

Human and Animal Rights

 All research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there
is suspicion that work has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework,
Editors may reject the manuscript & can immediately contact the author(s)’ethics
 If the Editor has serious concerns about the ethics of a study, the manuscript may be
rejected on ethical grounds, even if approval from an ethics committee has been obtained.
 Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been
performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved
by an appropriate ethics committee.
 The submitted study has to be supported by the ethics/bioethics committee approval.
 Authors reporting the use of a new procedure or tool in a clinical setting, for example as a
technical advance or case report, must give a clear justification in the manuscript for why
the new procedure or tool was deemed more appropriate than usual clinical practice to
meet the patient’s clinical need. Such justification is not required if the new procedure is
already approved for clinical use at the authors’ institution. Authors will be expected to
have obtained ethics committee approval and informed patient consent for any
experimental use of a novel procedure or tool where a clear clinical advantage based on
clinical need was not apparent before treatment.

Informed Consent
 Including of details, images related to individual participants are not allowed.
 Experimental research on vertebrates or any regulated invertebrates must comply with
institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where available should have been
approved by an appropriate ethics committee.
 A statement detailing compliance with relevant guidelines and ethical approval (including
the name of the ethics committee and the reference number where appropriate) must be
included in the manuscript. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring
ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the
ethics committee that granted the exemption and the reasons for the exemption). The
Editor will take into the account the animal welfare issues and reserves the right to reject
a manuscript, especially if the research involves protocols that are inconsistent with
commonly accepted norms of animal research. In rare cases, Editors may contact the
ethics committee for further information.
 Research Studies and other non-experimental research on animals must comply with
institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where available should have been
approved by an appropriate ethics committee. A statement detailing compliance with
relevant guidelines and/or appropriate permissions or licenses must be included in the